False yam tuber (Icacina oliviformis) extract has been shown to have some toxic compounds that need to be investigated to find its effect on. Common Name:False yam. Description. The Icacinaceae are a family of flowering plants, consisting of trees, shrubs, and lianas, primarily of the tropics. False yam (Icacina oliviformis syn. Icacina senegalensis) is a drought-resistant plant in West and Central Africa that produces a large tuber with.

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Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book. The five-petaled flowers are inconspicuous, usually white or cream, and pedunculate on an ascending panicle.

Toxicological Studies Although widely eaten, there exist some safety concerns about the seeds and tubers, at least of some species. In better times, however, icacina can save lives too. This would help provide the ultimate in food security, not only filling bellies down the decades but also helping save the populace when disastrous droughts arise.

The volume describes 24 little-known indigenous African cultivated and wild fruits that have potential as food- and cash-crops but are typically overlooked by scientists, policymakers, and the world at large.

Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available. They are then dried in the sun, pulverized, and sieved. Dried, they turn rock hard, but then can be stored with negligible loss. This could be an outstanding life-support species for the Sahel and for the equally drought-fraught areas of Ethiopia, Somalia, and southern Africa.

In a test in a mouse-infested storeroom, for example, seeds remained untouched during several weeks. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. The root is not unlike cassava; various methods developed for handling cassava and its products could provide invaluable leads.


Plants can grow so densely and yield so exuberantly that a family can sometimes collect several hundred kilos of fruits a day even from untended wild stands.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Both tubers and seeds contain bitter compounds that must be washed out. Although the giant size of the old roots makes them hard to harvest, those pulled up on an iczcina basis would be smaller and much easier to lift from the soil. From that base of knowledge should arise highly productive and resilient shrubs with shapes open bottoms, for example that are best for purposes of weed control, ease of harvest, and general management.

Documenting Traditional Knowledge Because this plant is so new to science but so old to Africans, it is vital to document the methods and practices traditionally employed for handling and using it.

Do you enjoy reading reports from the Academies online for free? How good does the preparation need to be for safety?

Nutritive value of false yam (Icacina oliviformis) tuber meal for broiler chickens.

Marco Schmidt Dry Areas Prospects here are even higher. In a sense, icacina pronounced ik-a-SEE-na is a living grocery store during normal times and an emergency relief-food supplier during hungry times. Although untouched by agronomic science, the plant is already widespread and depended on by millions. They are then left in the sun two days to dry. Success might instantly turn this wild resource into a cash crop for regions with few salable materials.

The following page uses this file: The flesh is white and is usually speckled with yellow spots corresponding to bundles of free xylem. Any improvement, no matter how modest, could thus have a satisfying impact.

Views View Edit History. Despite the need for processing first, and sometimes a slightly bitter flavor, icacina flour is commonly used to make pastes or porridges. Bright red and plum-like, they are sweet and usually consumed fresh. Seeds are normally boiled and eaten directly, but can also be redried for further storage or pounded into powder like cassava or sorghum.


Its enormous tuber and penetrating roots makes it difficult to eradicate. Even in those areas where it is abundant collections have been scanty, and it likely occurs in many more areas than are now described.

Icacina is a prime example of how the world misses out on valuable woody resources merely because they have branches where they should have trunks. The seed, after processing, yields a tasty The plant grows both in and nutritious flour, as does the tuber.

The tuber is cut up and leached in running water to remove toxic elements and facilitate maceration. Indeed, in certain areas it might prove to be a better source of commercial starch than the yam itself.

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Icacina oliviformis

Within Africa Humid Areas The bright red fruit of icacina contains a sweet, sought- Prospects here are high. Permission Reusing this file. The resulting meal can be mixed with that of millet or beans to make a thick paste known as enap in Senegal. The fruit is a bright-red ovoid berry, approximately 2. Sign up for email notifications and we’ll let you know about new publications in your areas of interest when they’re released.

Means to this end might include simple activities such as putting out an icacina cookbook, holding contests for best recipes, or serving icacina at prestigious functions. Too big for agriculture; too small for forestry, they fall between the disciplinary cracks. However, extension services could also develop ways to increase the size and density and productivity of the wild stands.

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